The world is full of museums, but only some of them gain global fame and value, that global value is achieved from the size of what it owns from the original Egyptian history. So, no museum gains fame except for the Egyptian pieces that it holds, the extent of their rarity, and more. These monuments are not satisfied with display museums only but exceeded it to the extent that many of them decorate ancient palaces.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Germany and other countries rushed to excavate antiquities in Egypt. Many of these effects left Egypt and did not return to it:
Germany wants Nefertiti’s head.
The missions’ work was not without many doubts surrounding them, about the smuggling of some rare artifacts outside Egypt using innovative tricks and pretexts. The head of Queen Nefertiti, displayed in the famous Berlin Museum since 1933, is one of the most examples of how antiquities left Egypt.
The statue came out from Egypt in a suspicious way in which the German and Egyptian narratives differed. When the Germans say that the head came out legally according to the Antiquities Law, which was based on dividing the discovered antiquities into two parts, the Egyptian Antiquities Authority as a representative of the Egyptian government, chooses part of it. The rest becomes the discoverer’s share, and with this choice, the coloured bust of Nefertiti went to the German side.
But the Egyptians say that the law was stipulating that Germany would take one-third and the Egyptian government would take two-thirds. This not happened to Nefertiti’s head when the German mission discovered the tomb in which the head of the statue wrapped it with cellophane and put mud on it. It was tucked in with things of no value, and so the statue was smuggled to Germany.
Egyptian monuments in Munich
There is a group of valuable monuments displayed in the Ancient Egyptian Museum Art Collection in Munich. It Represents the ancient Egyptian sculpture stages through its various stages, starting with the Nubian civilization, that is, prehistoric civilization, passing through the Pharaonic civilization through the ancient, middle and modern kingdoms, and even reaching the Roman civilization.
In the museum is a unique artifact, the first glass inlaid vase made in ancient history, on which the name of King Thutmose III of the 18th family (1450 BC) was inscribed.
One of the most important exhibits is the god Amun’s statue, made of pure bronze, dating back to the era of the 26th Dynasty (600 BC), and a statue of the god Horus from the 27th family (500 BC). In addition to many papyrus papers on display, which represent the Pharaonic, Ptolemaic, and even Roman periods, many potteries are present in the museum, describing the ancient Egyptian life in many of his activities. One of the potteries looks like a crocodile and dates back to the year (3300 BC). Several statues from the Old Kingdom, the most important of hand washbasin, dating back to the year (2350 BC).