Diwali is one of the most anticipated festivals in India that is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Buddhist, and Sikhs. The interpretation of Diwali is based on various stories of people who live in Northern India, Southern India, and Western India. People in Northern India celebrate it for King Rama’s return to Ayodhya after he defeated Ravana. In Southern India, people celebrate it for Lord Krishna who defeated the demon Narakasura. Western India celebrates this festival as their honor to Lord Vishnu who sent the demon King Bali to the other world. In general, Diwali is the celebration of good defeating the evil.
People all over the country celebrate this festival by decorating their houses and ornaments with various colorful and vibrant clay lamps, candles, and Ashok leaves. This symbolizes the inner light that can protect them from spiritual darkness. Moreover, they also attend family puja to share their sweets with their family and friends and wear new clothes.
Five Day Celebration of Diwali
During the mid-October to mid-November as per Gregorian calendar, Diwali is being celebrated by people in five days through various activities.
On the first day of Diwali, people start to clean their homes and business establishments. After that, they also place diyas, small earthen oil-filled lamps, into their houses that can last for the next five days. Buying gold objects and kitchen utensils are also consider to bring them a fortune.
On the second day, people decorate their homes with clay lamps and create design patterns called rangoli to their floors using colored powdered or sands. This day is filled with rituals to free any souls suffering from Naraka or hell.
The third day is the highlight of the festival. Families gather around for Lakshmi puja, a prayer to Goddess Lakshmi. After this, sumptuous delicacies are being shared together. They end this day by fireworks festivities.
On the fourth day, people visit their relatives and friends to give their gifts as it also marks the first day of a new year for them. They also shop for various essentials such as salt and make their way to temple to offer their prayers.
The last day is known as brother’s day. It is celebrated by brothers traveling to see their sisters and its families. Brothers are welcome by their sisters by love and respect. Sisters also receive their gifts and show their respect with their brothers by feeding them their grand and delicious meals.